What is LOBC?

LOBC Symptoms, Types & Treatments

Taking the first steps toward control

Loss of Bladder or Bowel Control (LOBC)

Light Bladder Leakage

Stress Incontinence

Light bladder leakage is associated with Stress Incontinence. Stress Incontinence is a common side effect of anxiety and pressure in our everyday lives, including emotional and physical strain. Any body movement that applies pressure on the bladder such as sneezing, coughing, laughing, or exercise can cause involuntary dribbles of urine.

Common Causes:

  • Strenuous physical activities
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Pelvic surgery and trauma
  • Loss of muscle tone
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Shift in hormonal balance with women

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Moderate & Frequent Bladder Leakage

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence is associated with an Overactive Bladder (OAB). Spontaneous bladder spasms and contractions result in the frequent and sudden need to urinate. Frequent, strong and sudden urges happen with not enough time to make it to the bathroom.

Common Causes:

  • Shift in hormonal balance with women
  • Urinary tract infection and cancer
  • Bladder stimulants & irritants such as alcohol, caffeine and carbonated drinks
  • Medications such as sedatives, cold medicines and high blood pressure medicines
  • Nerve dysfunction associated with trauma, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, etc.

Mixed Incontinence

Mixed Incontinence is a combination of the symptoms of stress incontinence and overactive bladder. It is important to note that when one is intentionally urinating frequently to try to prevent stress-related leakage: it can result in the shrinking of the bladder, limiting its ability to hold enough urine. Depending upon the symptoms, the causes of mixed incontinence are consistent with the types that are preset.

Common Causes:

  • Mixed incontinence occurs when symptoms of both stress and urgency types of incontinence are present

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Heavy Bladder Leakage

Reflex Incontinence

Reflex Incontinence happens when traumas to the body can occasionally result in the frequent loss of urine with little to no warning. Hence it is difficult to tell if you need to go to the bathroom.

Common Causes:

  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Brain tumors
  • Stroke

Overflow Incontinence

Overflow Incontinence results in the feeling of a full bladder. One fails to sense a full bladder because of nerve damage and thus does not empty the bladder. Constant dribbling of urine is a frequent symptom. There is increased frequency and urgency to urinate.

Common Causes:

Blockage of the natural passageway of urine resulting from:

  • Bladder injury
  • Radical pelvic surgery
  • Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
  • Nerve damage from diabetes
  • A narrowing of the urethra
  • Medications

Functional Incontinence

Functional Incontinence occurs when the urinary system may work well, but factors outside the urinary tract, such as immobility or cognitive impairment, can prevent a person from getting to a bathroom in time.

Common Causes:

  • Functional disability and psychological impairment
  • Physical and mental disabilities, such as immobility or cognitive impairments
  • Environmental barriers, such as stairs, clothing, or wheelchair accessibility

Bowel Incontinence

Bowel Incontinence, also referred to as fecal incontinence, is the inability to control the passage of liquid or solid stool from the rectum. Bowel incontinence can be present at any age and is found to be more common in the elderly population. Like urinary incontinence, bowel incontinence is not a normal part of aging. People with bowel incontinence often feel embarrassed and uncomfortable discussing with their healthcare provider. They often feel there is no assistance or treatment available to help with their problem. Bowel incontinence often can be related to underlying medical conditions and treatment options are available. Learn more about bowel incontinence causes and treatment options.

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